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APA 6th Edition - Copenhagen Business School: APA style and referencing

How to reference with APA

Avoid plagiarism

Why should I reference?

Referencing is important in academic writing and an essential part of any of your assignments. It:

  • allows you to acknowledge your sources,
  • gives academic credibility to your work,
  • demonstrates your knowledge of a subject area,
  • prevents accusations of plagiarism.

What is plagiarism?

Check out Plagiarism & Academic Integrity



What should I reference?

You should always reference a source when:

  • using a direct quote
  • summarising a theory
  • discussing someone else's opinion
  • using case studies
  • quoting statistics or visual data
  • but not when stating your own opinion, observation or experience.


The Copenhagen Business School Library is thankful for the permission to use and adapt the University of Lincoln APA Citation Style 6th Edition libguide.

Getting Started with APA referencing

The quickest and easiest way to reference your academic work is to:

  • record the necessary information at the time of using it
  • be consistent

Referencing is a very important consideration when submitting a piece of academic work and by following these guidelines you will ensure that you will meet the requirements set out by your tutor.

You need to reference:

  • to demonstrate that you have undertaken research for your academic work
  • to avoid accusations of plagiarism
  • to acknowledge the work of other authors, which can be found in books, journal articles, websites etc.

There are many systems of referencing available; this guide will focus on the American Psychological Association (APA) system which is very common in the social sciences and recommended on many CBS programs.

NB! some CBS programs may not follow the APA standard - Please check out the guidelines for YOUR program!! 

This guide provides examples of different information sources: how to cite them within your text and how to include them in your reference list.  For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed., 2nd printing). The APA Manual also provides information about paper formatting and writing style whereas this guide is primarily focused on the referencing aspect.

The APA website also contains information and tips on using the APA style at

Other referencing styles

If you need to use another referencing system you can find help at some of these library pages:

APA referencing

There are two parts to APA referencing:

  1. In-text citation
  2. Reference list.

Double-space your entire paper, including the reference list and any block quotations (unless advised differently by the guidelines from your study program or  your tutor/lecturer).


APA Style Blog

This blog is a great source of up-to-date information about APA style.  It is run by a group of experts who work with APA Style every day. They blog about writing, publishing, and the APA Style.

  • What Qualifies as a Table or a Figure in APA Style? Opens in a new window
    Mar 4, 2019
  • How to Cite Instagram in APA Style Opens in a new window
    Dec 10, 2018
  • Mastering APA Style Opens in a new window
    Oct 24, 2018
  • How to Cite a Government Report in APA Style Opens in a new window
    Sep 25, 2018
  • How to Cite Edition, Volume, and Page Numbers for Books Opens in a new window
    Sep 19, 2018

Printable Guide


Mendeley is referencing software which allows you to:

  • store references
  • organise references
  • generate citations
  • generate reference lists
  • share references

To get a Mendeley account via the CBS Library Institutional Licence, please visit CBS Mendeley Guide

Need help?

Please direct all queries and comments to