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Relative Valuation in the Bloomberg Terminal: Summary

This guide serves as an introduction to the functions within the Bloomberg Terminal that help to determine the value of the company using relative valuation principles.

When conducting Relative Valuation it is important to remember the key attributes of each step.

First, select relevant metrics that you want to analyze the company upon. Second is to compare the company on selected metrics against itself, competitors, and market. Remember that only a combination and a mix of different metrics and companies that you compare it to will give you an accurate picture of the company's performance. The problem is that the P/E, ROE, or operating margin can remain below or above the market average for a prolonged period of time.

Comparison of a single stock net income, its P/E, and its share price against relevant market aggregated data will provide you with relative valuation insight and helps to explain why the company share price may be going down, even though the corporation is performing well or the other way around, why it might go up, even though earnings are below expectations.

This chart graph S&P 500 for the past twenty years. When looking at the overall valuation against the P/E ratio, it is clear that the index has been highly overvalued during the dot-com bubble with price above P/E ratio. Then there was a decrease in P/E and an increase in price leading up to the financial crisis in 2007/09. From 2010 the aggregated valuation of the index has risen more steeply than the P/E ratio. Why? Because the earnings estimate has increased. Overall, when analyzing a company, it is important to look at all the metrics in context to its relative valuation.

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