Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Acceptable abbreviations to use in the Reference List include the following :
||Book or publication part
||Volume (as in Vol. 4)
||Volumes (as in Vols. 1-4)
There are two components to APA referencing: citing within the text of your paper, and the reference list at the end.
- All sources of information and data, whether quoted directly or paraphrased, are cited with parenthetical references in the text of your paper. For example: (Mayer, 2010).
- Double-space your entire paper, including the Reference list and any block quotes (unless advised differently by the guidelines from your study program or your tutor/lecturer).
Other disciplines use a Bibliography to list work that is not cited in the paper. In APA a Bibliography is not used at all. The reference list is used and only includes sources that are actually mentioned in the paper.
Plagiarism is the use of another author’s ideas and words, either intentionally or unintentionally, without acknowledging the source of the information. It is an academic offence and will be treated seriously by the Copenhagen Business School.
Avoid plagiarism by referencing correctly.
For information on how and why to avoid plagiarism please consult the guide Plagiarism & Academic Integrity.
Note: Secondary quotes should be used very rarely.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
If a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is listed on either a print or an electronic source it must be included in the reference.
- A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string that is used to identify a certain source (typically journal articles) and MUST be included in your references.
- It is often found on the first page of an article. Example: https://doi:10.1080/14622200410001676305.
- DOIs are typically found on the top left-hand corner of abstracts, listed in the Table of Contents or printed at the top or bottom of an article.
- You can use a metadata search system called CrossRef.org to look up an article and find the DOI. This site also includes a form which allows you to retrieve a DOI for journal articles, books, and chapters by simply cutting and pasting the reference list into the box.
- Use the APA flowchart at http://blog.apastyle.org/files/doi-and-url-flowchart-8.pdf to determine when to include DOIs, URLs, or database information in your reference citations.
Would you like to have a printed guide at hand? You can find a useful one here APA Guide for printing
Mendeley is referencing software which allows you to:
- store references
- organise references
- generate citations
- generate reference lists
- share references
To get a Mendeley account on the CBS Library Institutional Licence please visit CBS Mendeley Guide