Generative Artificial Technology (GenAI) is a technology that has enjoyed quite a lot of attention recently with the launch of a number of end-user services, including Bing from Microsoft, ChatGPT from OpenAI, and Bard from Google. The technology is programmed to generate new and original content, including prose and images, by pre-training patterns from existing data.
In this way, GenAI is able to author well-composed and seemingly well-written papers with only the slightest prompt from a real person, which would seem to make it the perfect companion in higher education, and indeed in education everywhere, especially during peak periods where the workload may feel overwhelming.
Plenty of Pitfalls
There are, however, lots of problems associated with using GenAI in academia and elsewhere.
To safeguard the purpose and integrity of the exam situation, which is to assess the knowledge, understanding, skills, and abilities of individual real-life students, CBS has decided to ban the use of GenAI in all exams other than bachelor´s theses, master´s theses, and final projects (HD / executive education), unless otherwise stated in the specific regulations for a particular exam.
This means that you are not allowed to submit for assessment any content that has been generated, manipulated, or otherwise processed using generative AI, as this under the current CBS guidelines would constitute unwarranted collaboration, a violation of CBS regulations that carries a legal sanction if detected.
The moment you start setting pen to paper, you are required to do so without the assistance or intermediation of GenAI or any other such intervention. In other words, everything submitted for assessment must be the result of your own, independent, and unassisted efforts.
When writing their bachelor's theses, master´s theses, and final projects (HD / executive education), CBS students are permitted to use GenAI software for the following purposes:
For more details, check out the announcement memo in the right-hand menu
The only general exception to the ban on generative AI in your exam submissions are those cases where the software itself is the object of an empirical investigation, i.e. where the purpose is to test, describe, and eventually understand the inner workings of the software and/or the quality of its outputs.
How to declare the use of GenAI
if you decide to use GenAI in a written assignment, you are required to follow the below guidelines to declare your use in an open and transparent way. This is to make sure that your assessors at all times are able to distinguish between your own intellectual and autonomous contributions and those contributions that originate in interactions with a GenAI platform.
If you use a GenAI tool for ideation or generation of content, you are required to mention this in the Methodology section of your paper. Alternatively, if your paper does not contain a separate Methodology section, you may also mention it in the Introduction. It is important to mention it early on, as in that case, your assessors will know what to expect.
Example of Methodology section declaration:
In this paper, I have used Microsoft Bing to aggregate and summarize the results of 15 interviews conducted amongst CFOs in small- and medium-sized companies and based on these interviews to make suggestions for best practice financial reporting in SMEs.
Whenever you draw on GenAI output in the body text of your paper, you need to declare this by leaving in both the prompt and the relevant part of the response as well as a citation. On top of this, you need to leave the full response as an appendix for context.
Example of in-text declaration and citation (in the style of APA 7):
When prompted with "What is considered best practice financial reporting in SMEs?", Bing mentions a whole slew of attention points, including "adopting a financial reporting framework" and "using technology to streamline financial reporting" (Microsoft, 2023)
Whenever you leave an in-text citation in the body text of your paper, it should always be accompanied by a reference. This is no different than referencing a published work like a book or a journal article.
In APA 7, the in-text citation and reference should look like this:
(provider name, version year)
provider name. (version year). application name (version number) [Large Language Model]. URL
Applied to Microsoft Bing:
Microsoft. (2023). Bing (Feb 7 version) [Large Language Model]. https://www.bing.com/search
Joshua Kragh Bruhn - email@example.com
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