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APA 7th Edition - Citation Guide - CBS Library: Introduction

Getting Started with APA referencing

This guide offers examples of how to cite sources in your text body and how to include them in your reference list.
All examples follow the APA style of academic referencing. This style is commonly used both in the social sciences in general and at CBS in particular.

Why should I reference?

Referencing is important in academic writing and an essential part of any assignment as it:

  • allows you to acknowledge your sources
  • gives academic credibility to your work
  • demonstrates your knowledge of a subject area
  • prevents accusations of plagiarism


    What should I reference?

    You should always reference a source when:

  • using a direct quote
  • summarizing a theory
  • discussing someone else's opinion
  • using case studies
  • quoting statistics or visual data
  • but not when stating your own opinion, observation or experience (unless you are recycling parts of a previously assessed paper)


NB! Some CBS programmes may not follow the APA style - Please check out the guidelines for YOUR programme


Related resources

Need to know more about Plagiarism?

Check out the CBS Library guide Working with Integrity as a CBS Student







Need to know more about referencing software?

Have a look at our Mendeley guide

Need to know more about other referencing styles?

If you need to use a referencing style other than APA, please check out these library guides:

Introduction to APA

The APA citation style is primarily used by in the fields of business, social sciences, health, and education. The official guide is published by the American Psychological Association.

Please visit What's new in APA 7th? for a summary of the differences between 6th and 7th editions.

In the APA Style and Grammar Guidelines you will find information on other formatting than in-text citations and bibliography. For example formatting for tables and figures.

Contact your library

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Guide Info

Creative Commons License This guide is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
This guide was adapted and inspired from the APA 7th Edition guide at Santa Fe College Library and Charleston Southern University Library. Thanks to Diana Matthews and Joe Fox for permission to use their work.