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APA 7th Edition - Citation Guide - CBS Library

Personal Communication

Personal communication can mean letters, memos, emails, interviews, telephone conversations, etc. that your readers will not be able to access. Since these items are not recoverable, it is not necessary to include in a reference list. Use parenthetical citations in the text only.


(D. J. Matthews, personal communication, July 10, 2009)

Source: Publication Manual, 8.9

NB! See here for research interviews

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