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Private Equity & Venture Capital

Definitions

Private equity (PE) is an alternative investment class and consists of capital that is not listed on a public exchange. Private equity is composed of funds and investors that directly invest in private companies, or that engage in buyouts of public companies, resulting in the delisting of public equity. Institutional and retail investors provide the capital for private equity, and the capital can be utilized to fund new technology, make acquisitions, expand working capital, and to bolster and solidify a balance sheet

Venture capital (VC) is a financial investment of capital funds made by professional investors (venture capitalists) in start-up businesses, R&D ventures, or new product launches.  New product launches have a perceived potential for significant growth but have no access to capital markets and do not have a record of proven performance.  Investors may have some say in the company's management and are compensated with a combination of profits, preferred shares, or royalties.

Note: Private equity differs in that it provides equity capital to enterprises not quoted on a stock market and refers to all stages of industry, including venture capital.

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