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Country Information: Foreign Trade

Guide to find information resources on countries - main focus on quantitative and statistical sources

WTO - World Trade Organization

WTO Annual Report:
The WTO Annual Report provides a comprehensive overview of WTO activities over the past year with main focus on trade negotiations and dispute settlements.

WTO Trade Topics:
gives an overview of the different topic areas of trade (trade topics). For each topic there is a historical overview, a status update and access to different documents

WTO Statistics Database:

  • The Trade Profiles provide predefined information leaflets on the trade situation of members, observers and other selected economies;
  • The Tariff Profiles provide information on the market access situation of members, observers and other selected economies;
  • The Services Profiles provide detailed statistics on key infrastructure services (transportation, telecommunications, finance and insurance) for selected economies;
  • The Aid for Trade Profiles provide information on trends of aid for trade, trade costs, trade performance and development for selected Aid for Trade recipients;
  • The Time Series section allows an interactive data retrieval of international trade statistics.

WTO Publications:

  • International Trade Statistics
    International Trade Statistics provides an annual compilation of global trade statistics up to 2015. In 2016, the WTO launched a new annual publication, the World Trade Statistical Review, which replaces International Trade Statistics as the WTO's flagship statistical publication.
  • World Trade Report: annual publication that aims to deepen understanding about trends in trade, trade policy issues and the multilateral trading system.

Litterature on WTO and foreign trade policy

Foreign trade - statistics

UN Comtrade: 
Free access to detailed global trade data. UN Comtrade is a repository of official trade statistics and relevant analytical tables. It contains annual trade statistics starting from 1962 and monthly trade statistics since 2010


  • HS, Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System / World Customs Organization  The Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System generally referred to as "Harmonized System" or simply "HS" is a multipurpose international product nomenclature developed by the World Customs Organization (WCO). It comprises about 5,000 commodity groups; each identified by a six digit code, arranged in a legal and logical structure and is supported by well-defined rules to achieve uniform classification.
  • Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) / United Nations  In international foreign trade statistics, SITC is often used. In this nomenclature, the degree of processing of the goods (raw materials, semi-finished products, finished products) is crucial for their location in the classification. SITC comprises approx. 3,100 5-digit item numbers.
  • BEC, Broad Economic Categories. The original Classification by Broad Economic Categories (BEC) was produced in 1961 to provide a means for international trade statistics to be analyzed by broad economic categories such as food, industrial supplies, capital equipment, consumer durables and consumer non-durables. The original BEC was linked to the Standard International Trade Classification
  • International Trade Statistics Yearbook - ITSY (UN Comtrade Yearbook):
    • Vol.I - Trade by Country: The main content of the yearbook is divided into two parts. Part 1 consists of two detailed world data tables on merchandise trade. One presents total merchandise imports and exports by countries, areas and regions in a time series up to the latest year, the other shows world merchandise exports by group of commodity and by provenance and destination in many smaller time series sub-tables. Part 2 contains the country trade profiles for most countries and areas in the world.
    • Vol. II - Trade by Product: The main content of the yearbook is divided into three parts. Part 1 consists of 11 detailed world data tables on merchandise trade. Part 2 contains the commodity trade profiles for 257 individual commodities. Part 3 contains profiles of service trade for the 11 main EBOPS categories.

OECD Quarterly International Trade Statistics:
This reliable and up-to-date source of statistics on international trade of OECD countries provides a detailed insight into the most recent trends in trading patterns for OECD countries with the rest of the world. It replaces Monthly Statistics of International Trade.

Eurostat (EU)

Statistics Denmark 

ITA - International Trade Administration
The International Trade Administration is led by the Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade

  • Trade Data & Analysis: discover the world of trade data and analysis from ITA's team of trade specialists and partners around the world 

IMF - Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS)
DOTS presents the value of merchandise exports and imports disaggregated according to a country's primary trading partners




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